Human Rights Policy
The following individuals may be contacted for additional information and/or clarification regarding the Human Rights Policy and Procedures at Siena College:
1. Policy Statement
A. Siena College is committed to maintaining a community environment that fosters respect for the dignity and worth of each individual.
Siena College expects all members of the community to demonstrate respect for themselves and others. In a college community, it is critical that respect encompass diversity, differences of opinion, and sensitivity to these differences. The dignity of the individual should never be violated in any way, and the college community views with seriousness offenses against any person.
Particularly intolerable, in view of the College’s commitment to respect the dignity of the individual, are acts of discrimination and discriminatory-based harassment, which are offenses directed against persons because of their race, religion, ethnicity, national origin, gender, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, veteran status, disability, predisposing genetic characteristics, domestic violence victim status or other basis identified in federal or state law.
Discrimination and discriminatory-based harassment are unethical and unprofessional, and they are incompatible with Siena’s commitment to diversity, educational equity, and the Franciscan tradition. Any form of such behavior toward any member of the Siena community (students, staff, faculty, or administrators) will be subject to strong disciplinary action.
To the extent possible, the College will also address such behavior towards any member of the Siena community by non-members, including contractors, alumni, visitors, and any others identified as non-employees or non-students of the College.
B. It is the intent of this policy and accompanying procedures to:
i. foster an environment of diversity and to recognize the interdependence that characterizes our local and global community;
ii. educate members of the Siena community regarding conduct that is both expected and proscribed;
iii. prevent instances of discrimination and discriminatory-based harassment to the extent possible;
iv. establish a meaningful grievance process for all members of the Siena community who believe they have been discriminated against;
v. invoke disciplinary or remedial action, excluding all forms of monetary damages, against those determined to have engaged in discriminatory behavior;
vi. protect the rights and confidentiality of all parties to a Human Rights complaint to the extent possible; and
vii. prevent retaliation against persons alleging discrimination or against persons cooperating in an investigation of alleged discrimination.
2. Prohibited Conduct
A. In General
i. It is against this policy to discriminate against individuals in the College community solely on the basis of their race, religion, ethnicity, national origin, gender, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, veteran status, disability, predisposing genetic characteristics, domestic violence victim status or other basis identified in federal or state law (referred to as a “protected category”).
ii. Harassment against someone on the basis of a protected category is a form of illegal discrimination that violates this policy. This form of discrimination is referred to in this policy as discriminatory-based harassment.
iii. Sexual harassment or unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature that is illegal under federal and state law is also actionable under this policy.
iv. Sexual violence, rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, sexual coercion are also actionable under this policy,
v. Domestic violence, dating violence and stalking are also actionable under this policy.
vi. In interpreting whether conduct is prohibited, it must be remembered that the free and responsible exchange of ideas is at the heart of the educational enterprise. The College does provide opportunities to develop critical and creative thinking; therefore, nothing in this policy should be construed as interfering with the free and responsible expression of opinion, in or out of the classroom:
a. Threats and verbal assaults, both oral and written, will never be tolerated. However, the expression of a belief that another person considers offensive or false is not adequate to prompt the use of these procedures. This is so unless, in light of the circumstances, it can reasonably be shown that the expression was directed toward a given individual or identifiable group of individuals because of their protected category status with the intent or reasonably foreseeable effect of doing harm or creating a hostile or intimidating work, educational or living environment for them or the broader community. Ideas that are considered offensive should be challenged with other ideas in order to promote peaceful dialogue and an enriching educational experience at the College.
b. It must also be noted that some forms of behavior that are disturbing may not meet the definitions of harassment or discrimination found in this policy, but may still be prohibited by other rules or policies and may constitute student or employee misconduct. Complaints may be handled under those procedures outlined in the Faculty, Administrative and/or Staff Handbooks and Student Code of Conduct.
B. Discriminatory-Based Harassment
i. Discriminatory-based harassment is behavior that occurs against an individual(s) on the basis of a protected category. Specifically, discriminatory-based harassment:
a. Involves an expressed or implied threat to an individual’s academic efforts, employment, professional advancement or promotion, participation in College-sponsored activities, or personal safety; or
b. Has the purpose or reasonably foreseeable effect of interfering with an individual’s academic efforts, employment, professional advancement or promotion, participation in College-sponsored activities, or personal safety; or
c. As adapted from the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s guidelines on sexual harassment, creates an intimidating, hostile, or demeaning environment, based upon unwelcome conduct that is so severe or pervasive that it interferes with educational pursuits, employment, or participation in College-sponsored activities.
ii. Sexual Harassment is a form of discriminatory-based harassment based on gender:
a. Sexual harassment is a form of illegal sex-based discrimination in violation of Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 and of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
b. Based upon the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s guidelines implementing Title VII, sexual harassment can be defined in the following way:
1. Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal (oral or written), non-verbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature, when:
i. Submission to such conduct is made, either explicitly or implicitly, a term or condition of employment or academic success;
ii. Submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for employment or academic decisions affecting such individuals; or
iii. Such conduct is so severe or pervasive that it has the effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work or academic performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working or educational environment.
c. Examples of sexual harassment include, but are not limited to the following situations, whether or not there is the presence of a relationship that puts one person in a position of authority:
1. unwelcome sexual propositions, invitations, solicitations, flirtations, and leering;
d. Instances (e.g., a single sexual overture, comment, invitation or joke) ordinarily will not constitute sexual harassment unless there is repetition or the circumstances are egregious. In this regard, occasional compliments also do not constitute sexual harassment. Generally, sexual behavior that is welcomed and consensual may not constitute sexual harassment, unless it can be demonstrated that it has an impact on a third party. There also may be some specific instances where consensual relationships are prohibited if they take place between students and non-student members of this community. (See “Prohibition of Consensual Relationships” below.)
iii. Harassment can take many forms, including:
a. Oral or Written: Comments, objects, pictures, videotapes, audio recordings or literature, directed toward an individual in any medium, including but not limited to, all electronic media, the purpose or reasonably foreseeable effect of which is to denigrate, demean, insult, threaten, intimidate, attack, embarrass, or otherwise injure the person who is the target or subject of those comments. Examples include name-calling and derogatory humor about supposed traits of the group to which that individual belongs.
b. Non-verbal: Suggestive or insulting sounds or gestures.
c. Physical: Unwanted touching of the body, such as patting, pinching, brushing up against, and shoving, and acts, such as, stalking, assault and battery, sexual assault, rape, attempted rape, and property damage.
a. Sexually violent acts are physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving consent for reasons, including but not limited to, the victim’s age, the victim’s use of drugs or alcohol or the victim’s inability to give consent due to intellectual or other disability.
v. Domestic violence, dating violence and stalking are actionable under this policy.
a. Dating violence means violence committed by a person:
b. Domestic violence includes felony or misdemeanor crimes of violence committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant monies, or by any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.
c. Stalking means engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to:
vi. Intoxication is often a factor in incidents of harassment. However, no form of intoxication shall be used as a defense against charges of harassment, nor shall any form of intoxication be seen as mitigating the seriousness of a charge.
vii. An incident (e.g., a single comment or joke) may not constitute harassment unless it is repeated or egregious. This does not mean that the College will not respond to isolated incidents that some may find offensive, but that education, remediation and other like means may be used to address them.
viii. Harassment may not be present if the conduct is welcomed and encouraged. However, the conduct may constitute harassment to third parties who witness the behavior.
C. Prohibition of Consensual Relationships
i. Unique relationships exist between students and certain employees of the College, such as faculty members, administrators and staff who serve in such roles as educator, counselor, evaluator or who exercise other types of control over students. Given the possibility that abuse of this relationship or the appearance of abuse may occur, the College views it as unacceptable if a faculty member or other instructional personnel, administrator, or staff member engages in amorous relationships with students enrolled in their classes or subject to their supervision, control or authority, even when both parties appear to have consented to the relationship.
ii. Where this prohibition is applicable, if charges of sexual harassment are made, it shall not be a defense to allege that the relationship was consensual in any proceeding brought under these procedures.
3. Duties of Members of Siena College
A. All Members
i. All members of the Siena community should assume the responsibility to see that the College is free from all forms of discrimination, discriminatory-based harassment and sexual harassment (collectively referred to as “discrimination”) and that any forms of these behaviors are properly reported. Obviously, the College cannot take action to address and deter discrimination if it is not aware that it has occurred.
i. It is the responsibility of supervisors, deans, department heads, and other managers, including coaches, residential life staff, and club advisors, to:
a. inform students, employees, and students acting as employees, under their direction or supervision of this policy;
b. inform visitors, independent contractors, vendors and their representatives and others transacting business with the College of this policy;
c. inform officials at volunteer service sites, internships and field educational experience settings, of this policy and ensure that students in these settings are aware of their rights and responsibilities in relation to these experiences;
d. notify the Title IX Coordinator and/or appropriate Designated Official when they receive reports or complaints of harassment;
e. notify the Title IX Coordinator and/or appropriate Designated Official when they observe or otherwise become aware of incidents of discrimination;
f. deal expeditiously and fairly with allegations of discrimination within their departments whether or not there has been a written or formal complaint; and
g. implement any corrective actions imposed as a result of findings of discrimination.
ii. Supervisors, deans, department heads, other managers and faculty members who knowingly allow or tolerate discrimination, discriminatory-based harassment, or sexual harassment are in violation of this policy and are subject to discipline.
C. Faculty, Administrators, Staff, and Students
i. It is the responsibility of the faculty, administrators, staff, and students to discourage discrimination, discriminatory-based harassment and sexual harassment and to report incidents of these to the Title IX Coordinator or appropriate Designated Official. This is regardless of whether they are the person or persons discriminated against, or a witness to such discrimination. This responsibility extends off-campus to College-sponsored activities and/or educational endeavors and includes behavior that initially occurred off-campus when there was an effect on-campus.
ii. Any faculty member, administrator, staff employee, or student who believes s/he has been victimized by discriminatory actions is encouraged to promptly report the incident to and confer with the Title IX Coordinator and/or appropriate Designated Official.
D. Human Rights Committee
i. The Human Rights Committee is responsible for the overall administration of the Human Rights policy and procedures. It is comprised of:
a. Four (4) faculty representatives (who must be faculty members in tenure status, not serving on the Grievance Committee or Status Committee, or librarians) as elected from the faculty;
b. Four (4) administrators as nominated by the Council of Administrators and appointed by the President;
c. Four (4) support staff as nominated by the Human Resources Advisory Committee and appointed by the President; and
d. Nine (9) students as selected and appointed to serve on the Student Conduct Review Board/Human Rights Committee by the Student Senate.
i. These officials have specified roles and responsibilities in relation to the Human Rights Policy and Procedures, which are explained in more detail in separate guidelines which are available upon request.
a. The Human Rights Committee Chair: Individuals who believe they have been a victim or are accused of harassment or discrimination may speak with the Chair of the Human Rights Committee. The Chair is a non-voting member of the Human Rights Committee, who serves in an ombudsman role advising the reporting witness, complainant and respondent as to their rights and possible courses of action through the Human Rights process. The Chair and members of the Human Rights Committee conduct periodic reviews related to Title IX Gender Equity in Athletics and details outlining this process may be provided upon request.
b. The Title IX Coordinator: Individuals who believe they have been a victim or are accused of harassment or discrimination may speak with the Equal Opportunity and Employee Relations Specialist, who is also referred to as the Title IX Coordinator. The Title IX Coordinator serves as an ombudsman and will assist the reporting witness, complainant and respondent in exploring options to address the human rights concern. The Title IX Coordinator has responsibility for overseeing all human rights reports and complaints. The Title IX Coordinator designates Deputy Title IX Coordinators for Employees, Students and Athletics, respectively.
c. The Designated Official responsible for reports and complaints against any non-student employee (faculty, administrative and/or support staff) is the Equal Opportunity and Employee Relations Specialist or designee. Individuals who believe they have been a victim of harassment or discrimination due to the conduct of an administrator, faculty member or staff member may report the incident to the Equal Opportunity and Employee Relations Specialist.
d. The Designated Official responsible for reports and complaints against students is the Dean of Students or designee. Individuals who believe they have been a victim of harassment or discrimination due to the conduct of a student may report the incident to the Dean of Students or Associate Dean of Students.
e. Human Rights Support: Individuals who believe they have been a victim or accused of harassment or discrimination may seek out advice, support and/or guidance from any member of the Human Rights Committee, the Director of the Damietta Cross-Cultural Center, the Director of Sr. Thea Bowman Center for Women, and the Director of Services for Students with Disabilities.
A. The College ensures that, to the extent practicable, it will maintain the anonymity of the parties to a Human Rights complaint and that of any witnesses. It will disclose to other members of the Siena community information relating to a Human Rights complaint only on a need-to-know basis.
B. Participants in the Human Rights complaint resolution process, including the respondent, witnesses, members of hearing panels, and officers, shall respect the confidentiality of the process and proceedings and will only share information for purposes protected in law.
A. Intimidation of or retaliation against individuals for filing a complaint, for reporting an incident of discrimination, or for participating in an investigation under this policy will be cause for disciplinary action. Intentionally breaching confidentiality for purposes other than those protected in law could be considered a means of intimidation or retaliation. Complaints regarding allegation of retaliation or intimidation shall be made to the appropriate Designated Officials.
A. The Title IX Coordinator, Designated Officials, Human Rights Committee members and any official who participates in the human rights process are required to fully disclose to the Chair of the Human Rights Committee if there is any real or perceived conflict of interest that could potentially influence their participation in the human rights complaint process.